A technical term in grammar for the word or phrase to which a relative pronoun refers.
I am therefore creating this post to document a fairly complete list of authorities that support what I think is the better if not obvious view: University of Chicago Press,Rule 5.
Avoid this Janus-faced term. It can often be replaced by and or or with no loss in meaning. Where it seems needed.
But think of other possibilities. Longman, at A device, or shortcut, that damages a sentence and often leads to confusion or ambiguity. West Group,Rule 1.
It is best known as the star character in two grammatical abominations: It is especially unfit for legal writing because it is inherently ambiguous. Oxford University Press, at The word or usually includes the sense of and: No food or drink allowed. That sentence does not suggest that food or drink by itself is disallowed while food and drink together are OK.
Carswell,Rule 10 at The eye tends to trip and stumble over this symbol. It has been promulgated largely by those who either have not taken the trouble to decide, or cannot make up their minds, which of the two words they mean.
University of Lavel, at A Text with Exercises Chicago: But that is really the whole point of plain English in legal writing: Judges have been vociferous in noting its ambiguity.
To me it is significant that the cases come from Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia — the criticism is widespread. It is one of those inexcusable barbarisms which was sired by indolence and dammed by indifference, and has no more place in legal terminology than the vernacular of Uncle Remus has in Holy Writ.
I am unable to divine how such senseless jargon becomes current. The coiner of it certainly had no appreciation for terse and concise law English. We venture the assertion that any man who knows the meaning of the two words and the established distinctions in their use can take a modern contract or statute, bristling with this symbol, strike out every one of them and substitute the proper one of the two words, to the great clarification of the meaning of the instrument or act.If you write , you are indicating a particular time, not a duration of time.
Since you are writing about minutes and seconds (two different categories), follow my rule that says this: If you have numbers in different categories, use numerals for one category and spell out the other.
In most formal papers, I have never seen one used with the exception of cited sources or when using a fraction. I suppose it's not improper to use one, but most people don't have the .
I remain surprised at the number of intelligent, articulate, and well-read legal professionals who still use “and/or” in legal writing. I am therefore creating this post to document a fairly complete list of authorities that support what I think is the better (if not obvious) view: never use “and/or” in legal writing (or any writing).
Accessing Text Corpora. As just mentioned, a text corpus is a large body of text.
Many corpora are designed to contain a careful balance of material in one or more genres. The slash is an oblique slanting line punctuation heartoftexashop.com used to mark periods and commas, the slash is now most often used to represent exclusive or inclusive or, division and fractions, and as a date heartoftexashop.com is called a solidus in Unicode, is sometimes known as a stroke in British English, and it has several other historical or technical names, including oblique and virgule.
Book Author Resources. SAE seeks authors who can write books for automotive, aerospace, and commercial vehicle engineers. We are interested in proposals on a .