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Within eight years of his coming to power, Germany had conquered continental Europe from the Channel coast to the gates of Moscow.
It was not a conquest and occupation such as had occurred in the Great War. In German-occupied Europe some 10 million people, including 2 million children, were deliberately murdered.
Racism as such was nothing new, nor was it confined to Germany. But it was in Germany that the resources of a modern industrial state enabled criminal leaders to murder and enslave millions. Until the concentration camps revealed their victims the world was inclined to believe that a country once in the forefront of Western culture, the Germany of Goethe, could not so regress.
This faith in civilisation was misplaced. How was it possible? For just one of the more easily discernible parts of the explanation we must turn to the politics of Weimar Germany, which failed to provide stable governments until political democracy ceased to function altogether after the onset of the economic crisis of From to no party was strong enough on its own to form a government and enjoy the necessary majority in parliament.
But until a majority in parliament either favoured or at least tolerated the continuation of the parliamentary system of government. The Communist Party was too weak in its parliamentary representation to endanger the Republic during the middle years of Weimar prosperity from to ; its strength was appreciably smaller than that of the deputies of the moderate Socialist Party.
Indeed, the Socialists steadily gained votes and deputies in the Reichstag. From in May their representation increased to in Significantly, the Communist Party fell in the same period from 62 to 54 Reichstag deputies.
On the extreme anti-democratic right the Nazis did even worse in parliamentary elections; in May there were 32 Nazis elected to the Reichstag and in only Even the conservatives, the Nationalist Party, who formed the opposition for most of the time from todeclined in number from 95 to Weimar Germany appeared to gain in strength.
This was not really so. The Nazis were winning adherents wherever there was distress. Even during the years of comparative prosperity, many of the farmers did not share the benefits of industrial expansion.
Then governments were discredited by their short life-spans — on average only eight months. Parties appeared to be locked in purely selfish battles of personal advantage. The Social Democratic Party must share in the blame for the instability of the Weimar coalition governments.
It preferred to stay in opposition and not to participate in the business of ruling the country. The difficulties of any party with socialist aspirations joining a coalition were genuinely great.
Coalition meant compromise on policy. From an electoral party point of view these tactics appeared to pay off as their increasing representation in the Reichstag shows.
But the price paid was the discrediting of parliamentary government, for the exclusion from government of both the Nationalists and the Communists and the absence of the Socialists meant that the coalitions of the centre and mainly moderate right were minority governments at the mercy of the Socialists.
In government there was thus a permanent sense of crisis, the coalition partners who formed the governments, especially the smaller parties, becoming more concerned about how the unpopularity of a particular government policy might affect their own supporters than about the stability of government as a whole.
This situation imperilled the standing of the whole parliamentary democratic system. After there seemed to be only one method by which the parties of the centre and moderate right, saddled with the responsibility of government, could logically attain stability and a majority, and that was to move further to the right.
So its right wing came to predominate the Centre Party, enabling the conservatives, the Nationalist Party, to join coalition cabinets with them. When in the Socialists at last joined a broad coalition excluding the more extreme right they seemed to be remedying their earlier mistaken policy; but it was very late in the history of the parliamentary Republic.
In fascism: Germany ” In Fritz Dorls and Otto Ernst Remer, a former army general who had helped to crush an attempted military coup against Hitler in July , founded the Socialist Reich Party (Sozialistische Reichspartei; SRP), one of the earliest neofascist parties in Germany. The Failure of Democracy in Germany in the Period to Those in power in Weimar Germany so consistently mishandled the political and economic situation leading up to the period , that a well-structured challenge from the Nazi Party brought about the fall of democracy. Why Did Democracy Fail in Germany Between WWI and WWII? Hitler, The Nazi Party, and Democracy Hitler was extremely against communism because he thought that it was mainly a Jewish idea and belief and he blamed the failure of the German army on communism. Hitlers exact description of democracy was "democracy is the canal through which.
The coalition partners, especially the Centre Party, had already moved so far to the right that they now felt ill at ease working with the Socialists under a Socialist chancellor.Nationalism was an important and integral factor in the downfall of the Weimar Republic and in turn, the ensuing failure of democracy in Germany in the period Failure of Parliamentary Democracy in Germany and Hitler’s Rise to Power German history is seen as a ‘painful issue for thousands of Germans and other Europeans’.
Nationalism was an important and integral factor in the downfall of the Weimar Republic and in turn, the ensuing failure of democracy in Germany in the period The sense of loyalty and devotion to ones nation, which the German citizens had felt in their militaristic past, was ultimately.
The Age of Anxiety, the age of the lost generation, was also an age in which modern Fascism and Totalitarianism made their appearance on the historical stage. This full-text lecture discusses the origins and impact of totalitarian regimes in the s and 30s.
Adolf Hitler's rise to power began in Germany in September when Hitler joined the political party known as the the Nazis created a mythology surrounding the rise to power, and they described the period that roughly corresponds to the scope of this (August – November ), Germany was a principal actor in World War I.
failure of the young democracies. Spotlights on the history of Europe in the twentieth century. The failure of democracy in Germany. Unlike the interwar period, political conflict moved from the streets to parliament, where opposing political camps were able to form governing coalitions.