Introduction to Ophelia in Hamlet Of all the pivotal characters in Hamlet, Ophelia is the most static and one-dimensional.
Spelling of Shakespeare's name Sir Francis Bacon was a scientist, philosopher, courtierdiplomat, essayist, historian and successful politician, who served as Solicitor GeneralAttorney General and Lord Chancellor Those who subscribe to the theory that Sir Francis Bacon wrote Shakespeare's works refer to themselves as "Baconians," while dubbing those who maintain the orthodox view that William Shakespeare of Stratford wrote his own works "Stratfordians.
Baconians often use "Shakspere"  or "Shakespeare" for the glover's son and actor from Stratford, and "Shake-speare" for the author to avoid the assumption that the Stratford man wrote the work.
History of Baconian theory[ edit ] A pamphlet entitled The Story of the Learned Pig circa and alleged research by James Wilmot have been described as the earliest instances of the claim that Bacon wrote Shakespeare's work, but the Wilmot research has been exposed as a forgery, and the pamphlet makes no reference to Bacon.
William Henry Smith was the first to publish the theory in a letter to Lord Ellesmere published in the form of a sixteen-page pamphlet entitled Was Lord Bacon the Author of Shakespeare's Plays? A year later, both Smith and Delia Bacon published books expounding the Baconian theory.
Inin the library of Northumberland Houseone John Bruce happened upon a bundle of bound documents, some of whose sheets had been ripped away. On the outer sheet was scrawled repeatedly the names of Bacon and Shakespeare along with the name of Thomas Nashe.
There were several quotations from Shakespeare and a reference to the word Honorificabilitudinitatibuswhich appears in both Love's Labour's Lost and Nashe's Lenten Stuff.
The Earl of Northumberland sent the bundle to James Speddingwho subsequently penned a thesis on the subject, with which was published a facsimile of the aforementioned cover.
Spedding hazarded a date, making it possibly the earliest extant mention of Shakespeare. After a diligent deciphering of the Elizabethan handwriting in Francis Bacon's notebook, known as the Promus of Formularies and Elegancies, Constance Mary Fearon Pott — argued that many of the ideas and figures of speech in Bacon's book could also be found in the Shakespeare plays.
Pott founded the Francis Bacon Society in and published her Bacon-centered theory in Wigston,  that Francis Bacon was the founding member of the Rosicruciansa secret society of occult philosophers, and claimed that they secretly created art, literature and drama, including the entire Shakespeare canon, before adding the symbols of the rose and cross to their work.
William Comyns Beaumont also popularized the notion of Bacon's authorship. Other Baconians ignored the esoteric following that the theory was attracting.
The argument runs that, he intended to set up new institutes of experimentation to gather the data to which his inductive method could be applied. He needed high office to gain the requisite influence,  and being known as a dramatist, allegedly low-class profession, would have impeded his prospects see Stigma of print.
Realising that play-acting was used by the ancients "as a means of educating men's minds to virtue",  and being "strongly addicted to the theatre"  himself, he is claimed to have set out the otherwise-unpublished moral philosophical component of his Great Instauration project in the Shakespearean work.
In this way, he could influence the nobility through dramatic performance with his observations on what constitutes "good" government. By the end of the 19th century, Baconian theory had received support from a number of high-profile individuals.
Mark Twain showed an inclination for it in his essay Is Shakespeare Dead?
Friedrich Nietzsche expressed interest in and gave credence to the Baconian theory in his writings. He eventually published two pamphlets supporting the theory in and In a judge in Chicago ruled in a civil trial that Bacon was the true author of the Shakespeare canon.
Furthermore, alternative authorship theories failed to make any headway among academics. Baconian cryptology[ edit ] In Ignatius L. Donnellya U. Congressmanscience fiction author and Atlantis theorist, wrote The Great Cryptogram, in which he argued that Bacon revealed his authorship of the works by concealing secret ciphers in the text.
This produced a plethora of late 19th-century Baconian theorising, which developed the theme that Bacon had hidden encoded messages in the plays. The most remarkable revelation was that Bacon was the son of Queen Elizabeth. According to Owen, Bacon revealed that Elizabeth was secretly married to Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicesterwho fathered both Bacon himself and Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essexthe latter ruthlessly executed by his own mother in This tragic life-story was the secret hidden in the plays.
A feature in the Chicago Tribune on the trial of Shakespeare's authorship.
Elizabeth Wells Gallup developed Owen's views, arguing that a bi-literal cipherwhich she had identified in the First Folio of Shakespeare's works, revealed concealed messages confirming that Bacon was the queen's son.
Dawbarn in Uncrowned He argued that Fabyan's advocacy of Bacon threatened the profits expected from a forthcoming film about Shakespeare. Orville Ward Owen had such conviction in his own cipher method that, inhe began excavating the bed of the River Wyenear Chepstow Castlein the search of Bacon's original Shakespearean manuscripts.George Washington (22 February – 14 December ) was the successful Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War from to , and later became the first President of the United States of America, an office to which he was elected, unanimously, twice and remained in from to He is generally regarded as the "Father of his country".
The Thomas Gray Archive is a collaborative digital archive and research project devoted to the life and work of eighteenth-century poet, letter-writer, and scholar Thomas Gray (), author of the acclaimed 'Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard' (). Othello study guide contains a biography of William Shakespeare, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a . Sep 03, · How to Cite Shakespeare. Shakespeare's works follow a unique citation method that is specific to them. Love Poems and Sonnets of William Shakespeare. New York: Doubleday, Print. Sample entry for a single work: Shakespeare, William. Romeo and Juliet. Ed. Jill L. Levenson. Quote and Cite a Play in an Essay 84%(26).
Explanation of the famous quotes in Julius Caesar, including all important speeches, comments, quotations, and monologues. Get free homework help on William Shakespeare's Macbeth: play summary, scene summary and analysis and original text, quotes, essays, character analysis, and filmography courtesy of CliffsNotes.
In Macbeth, William Shakespeare's tragedy about power, ambition, deceit, and murder, the Three Witches foretell Macbeth's rise to King . William Shakespeare Quotes “A fool thinks himself to be wise, but a wise man knows himself to be a fool.” “Uneasy lies the head that wears a crown.” – Henry IV Quotes, Part 2 “Virtue is bold, and goodness never fearful.” – William Shakespeare William shakespeare 22 essay; Dreams and omens in the hobbit and julius caesar.
Quotations about quotations, compiled by Terri Guillemets. The largest and most well-researched collection of quotes about quotes on the Web! Turnitin provides instructors with the tools to prevent plagiarism, engage students in the writing process, and provide personalized feedback.