Early history[ edit ] Ancient China was the first country in the world that implemented a nationwide standardized test, which was called the imperial examination. The main purpose of this examination was to select able candidates for specific governmental positions. England had adopted this examination system in to select specific candidates for positions in Her Majesty's Civil Servicemodeled on the Chinese imperial examination.
As a group, these disorders are described by DSM-IV-TR as "enduring pattern[s] of inner experience and behavior" that are sufficiently rigid and deep-seated to bring a person into repeated conflicts with his or her social and occupational environment.
To meet the diagnosis of a personality disorder, the patient's problematic behaviors must appear in two or more of the following areas: Doctors rarely give a diagnosis of personality disorder to children on the grounds that children's personalities are still in process of formation and may change considerably by the time they are in their late teens.
NPD is defined more specifically as a pattern of grandiosity exaggerated claims to talents, importance, or specialness in the patient's private fantasies or outward behavior; a need for constant admiration from others; and a lack of empathy for others.
The term narcissistic is derived from an ancient Greek legend, the story of Echo and Narcissus. According to the legend, Echo was a woodland nymph who fell in love with Narcissus, who was an uncommonly handsome but also uncommonly vain young man. He contemptuously rejected her expressions of love.
She pined away and died. The god Apollo was angered by Narcissus' pride and self-satisfaction, and condemned him to die without ever knowing human love.
One day, Narcissus was feeling thirsty, saw a pool of clear water nearby, and knelt beside it in order to dip his hands in the water and drink. He saw his face reflected on the surface of the water and fell in love with the reflection.
Unable to win a response from the image in the water, Narcissus eventually died beside the pool. Havelock Ellis, a British psychologistfirst used the story of Echo and Narcissus in as a capsule summary of pathological self-absorption. The words narcissist and narcissistic have been part of the vocabulary of psychology and psychiatry ever since.
They have, however, been the subjects of several controversies. In order to understand NPD, the reader may find it helpful to have an outline of the different theories about narcissism in human beings, its relation to other psychiatric disorders, and its connections to the wider culture.
What DSM-IV-TR defines as narcissistic personality disorder, ICD lumps together with "eccentric, impulsive-type, immature, passive-aggressive, and psychoneurotic personality disorders. For the clinician to make the diagnosis, an individual must fit five or more of the following descriptions: He or she has a grandiose sense of self-importance exaggerates accomplishments and demands to be considered superior without real evidence of achievement.
He or she lives in a dream world of exceptional success, power, beauty, genius, or "perfect" love. He or she thinks of him- or herself as "special" or privileged, and that he or she can only be understood by other special or high-status people. He or she demands excessive amounts of praise or admiration from others.
He or she feels entitled to automatic deference, complianceor favorable treatment from others. He or she is exploitative towards others and takes advantage of them.Term Paper Warehouse has free essays, term papers, and book reports for students on almost every research topic.
The Five Factor Personality Test (FFPI) examines five different domains including Extraversion versus introversion, Agreeableness versus antagonism, Conscientiousness versus negligence, Neuroticism versus emotional stability, and Openness versus closedness to experience (Buchanan, Johnson & Goldberg, ; Trull, ).
This paper proposes that physical appearance is a major factor in the development of personality, because people form opinions by what they see in a person physically, and .
Further Study. Test your knowledge of The Iliad with our quizzes and study questions, or go further with essays on the context and background and links to the best resources around the web.
XAT Exam Analysis will be published by heartoftexashop.com immediately after the XAT exam is over on January 6, The XAT exam analysis will reflect the XAT exam pattern, key changes in XAT and ideal attempts to improve your scores.
Analysis of the Five Factor Personality Test (IPIP-NEO) Different individual personalities are what make people so fascinating and interesting to interact with.