Young People and Risk—Locating the Problem The idea of youth at risk has become central to a range of discourses, academic and professional.
For healthcare professionals to properly and appropriately care for their patients, an understanding of the different stages of development and tasks to be accomplished in each stage are necessary. This is an annual requirement. Despair Assessment of growth, development and maturation focuses on four major areas: Physical capabilities include gross and fine motor skills as well as strength, stamina, fatigue and pain.
Cognitive capabilities include thought, perception, understanding and reasoning. Social capabilities are reflected by relationships established with family, friends, and others. This review will describe the major growth and development characteristics and milestones for children and adults. This is only a guide and is in no way to be used to interpret what all people are like or should be like.
Remember people are individuals! As medical professionals, we are expected to adapt our exam and assessments to the developmental level of the individual. Each section will describe various nursing considerations to keep in mind when dealing with each developmental level.
Birth to 1 month Physical Development a. Sucking Reflex- Neonate sucks on object placed in mouth.
Rooting Reflex- when cheek is brushed, neonate turns head toward stimulus and attempts to grasp with mouth. Moro Startle Reflex- Generalized Activity in response to stimulation. Babinski Reflex- when stroking outer sole of foot upward from heel to across ball of foot causes toes to hyperextend.
Neonate has poor temperature regulation. Gains about 6 ounces per week.
Grows approximately one inch during the first month. Fontanels are soft and flat. Umbilical cord should dry and fall off during the first or second week of life. Psychosocial Development Responds to environment through visual, auditory, tactile and taste senses.
Is totally dependent upon caregiver. Perceives self and parent as one.
Responds to human voices and faces. Cries when uncomfortable, sleepy or hungry. Soft music and bright colored mobiles provide pleasant stimulation for neonate.
Nursing Considerations Physical assessment should include temperature, pulse counted for one full minuterespirations also counted for one full minuteweight, head and chest circumference, length and assessment of fontanels.
Perform the most uncomfortable or intrusive procedures last.
Hold and cuddle during feeding. Check for soiling of diapers. Always transfer neonate via crib, stretcher, or stroller. When keeping track of Intake and Output, weigh diapers for an accurate output. One cc of urine weighs about one gram.
Head circumference increases by approximately 1. Startle, sucking and rooting reflexes begin to at around three months.
Normally, infant should gain about one ounce during the first six months of life. Able to hold head up when supported in the sitting position, but it will bob forward. Around the third month, will purposefully put hand into mouth.An official says at least 25 people were killed when a speeding bus fell into a canal in southern India.
Late Adulthood: The Areas of Development in Psychological Aspects. Late Adulthood Observation: Doris Essay Late Adulthood Late adulthood is known as the period of life after middle adulthood, usually from around 65 years old to death (Santrock, , p.
). There are many varying stages of development and health in late adulthood.
Turnitin provides instructors with the tools to prevent plagiarism, engage students in the writing process, and provide personalized feedback.
Changes in adulthood have been described by a number of theories and metatheories, which serve as framework for adult development research. Lifespan development theory [ edit ] Life span development is an overarching framework that considers individual development (ontogeny) from conception to old age.
PSY April 16, Observation of Elderly Adult Behavior Late adulthood is the last phase of human physical and cognitive development. This stage starts around 65 and continues till death. My observation was focused around 3 males and 2 females of elderly adults (more than 70 years old) under hospital setup%(8).
"Table 5, Population of Utah by Race and Sex - ," Faithful Mormon apologist John A. Widtsoe, a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, debunked the more-women-than-men myth, but many members continue to use it.