Founding Revolt and rebel rivalry The Mongol -led Yuan dynasty — ruled before the establishment of the Ming dynasty.
Ancient Egyptian agricultureHistory of ancient EgyptHistory of Egyptand Population history of Egypt Map of ancient Egypt, showing major cities and sites of the Dynastic period c.
By the late Paleolithic period, the arid climate of Northern Africa became increasingly hot and dry, forcing the populations of the area to concentrate along the river region.
Predynastic period Main article: Large regions of Egypt were covered in treed savanna and traversed by herds of grazing ungulates.
Foliage and fauna were far more prolific in all environs and the Nile region supported large populations of waterfowl. Hunting would have been common for Egyptians, and this is also the period when many animals were first domesticated. The largest of these early cultures in upper Southern Egypt was the Badariwhich probably originated in the Western Desert; it was known for its high quality ceramics, stone toolsand its use of copper.
As early as the Naqada I Period, predynastic Egyptians imported obsidian from Ethiopiaused to shape blades and other objects from flakes. They also developed a ceramic glaze known as faiencewhich was used well into the Roman Period to decorate cups, amulets, and figurines.
The third-century BC Egyptian priest Manetho grouped the long line of pharaohs from Menes to his own time into 30 dynasties, a system still used today. He began his official history with the king named "Meni" or Menes in Greek who was believed to have united the two kingdoms of Upper and Lower Egypt.
Some scholars now believe, however, that the mythical Menes may have been the king Narmerwho is depicted wearing royal regalia on the ceremonial Narmer Palette, in a symbolic act of unification.
The increasing power and wealth of the kings during the early dynastic period was reflected in their elaborate mastaba tombs and mortuary cult structures at Abydos, which were used to celebrate the deified king after his death. Old Kingdom of Egypt Major advances in architecture, art, and technology were made during the Old Kingdomfueled by the increased agricultural productivity and resulting population, made possible by a well-developed central administration.
Under the direction of the vizierstate officials collected taxes, coordinated irrigation projects to improve crop yielddrafted peasants to work on construction projects, and established a justice system to maintain peace and order.
Kings also made land grants to their mortuary cults and local temples, to ensure that these institutions had the resources to worship the king after his death.
Scholars believe that five centuries of these practices slowly eroded the economic vitality of Egypt, and that the economy could no longer afford to support a large centralized administration. First Intermediate Period of Egypt After Egypt's central government collapsed at the end of the Old Kingdom, the administration could no longer support or stabilize the country's economy.
Regional governors could not rely on the king for help in times of crisis, and the ensuing food shortages and political disputes escalated into famines and small-scale civil wars.
Yet despite difficult problems, local leaders, owing no tribute to the pharaoh, used their new-found independence to establish a thriving culture in the provinces. Once in control of their own resources, the provinces became economically richer—which was demonstrated by larger and better burials among all social classes.
As the Intefs grew in power and expanded their control northward, a clash between the two rival dynasties became inevitable.The Songhai Empire, also known as the Songhay Empire, was an African state of west Africa. From the early 15th to the late 16th century, Songhai was one of the largest African empires in history.
This empire bore the same name as its leading ethnic group, the Songhai. Kids learn about the history of the Songhai Empire of Ancient Africa including location, culture, Askia Muhammad government, slaves, Askia Muhammad became the leader of the Songhai.
He brought the Songhai Empire to its height of power and founded the Askia Dynasty. Askia Muhammad was a devout Muslim. Ancient Egypt Kingdom of Ghana Mali. Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient North Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in the place that is now the country heartoftexashop.comt Egyptian civilization followed prehistoric Egypt and coalesced around BC (according to conventional Egyptian chronology) with the political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under Menes (often identified with Narmer).
He helped defend Songhai for his lifetime, and the empire sustained and prospered due to his leadership.” Reliance on Trade “Trade significantly influenced the course of history in Songhai, and the rest of Western Africa.
Surprisingly little is known about Aksum’s origins, but by the 2nd and 3rd centuries A.D.
it was a trading juggernaut whose gold and ivory made it a vital link between ancient Europe and the Far. Songhai, Africa The Songhai Empire, also known as the Songhay Empire, was a state located in western Africa.
From the early 15th to the late 16th century, Songhai was one of the largest Islamic empires in history. This empire bore the same name as its leading ethnic group, the Songhai.