Four steps in critical thinking

By Chris Blake Critical thinking skills are helpful when making decisions.

Four steps in critical thinking

Relevant Intellectual Traits Some Implications for Instruction Due to space limitations, we have made no attempt to be exhaustive with respect to any stage, nor to answer the many questions that might be raised concerning the development, reliability or validity of the stages.

The basic intention is to provide a practical organizer for teachers interested in using a conceptual map to guide student thinking through developmental stages in the process of becoming critical thinkers.

Once the stages are explained, and stage-specific recommendations are given, we close with some global implications for instruction.

Four steps in critical thinking

We make the following assumptions: Before moving to the stages themselves, a brief overview of what we mean by critical thinking is in order. Our working definition is as follows: We define critical thinking as: It is important to recognize that on this view, persons are critical thinkers, in the fullest sense of the term, only if they display this ability and disposition in all, or most, of the dimensions of their lives e.

We exclude from our concept of the critical thinker those who think critically in only one dimension of their lives.

The stages we will lay out are as follows: The Unreflective Thinker Stage Three: The Beginning Thinker Stage Four: The Practicing Thinker Stage Five: The Advanced Thinker Stage Six: The Accomplished Thinker Stage One: The Unreflective Thinker Defining Feature: Unreflective thinkers are largely unaware of the determining role that thinking is playing in their lives and of the many ways that problems in thinking are causing problems in their lives.

Unreflective thinkers lack the ability to explicitly assess their thinking and improve it thereby. Unreflective thinkers lack the knowledge that high quality thinking requires regular practice in taking thinking apart, accurately assessing it, and actively improving it.

In fact, unreflective thinkers are largely unaware of thinking as such, hence fail to recognize thinking as involving concepts, assumptions, inferences, implications, points of view, etc.

Unreflective thinkers are largely unaware of the appropriate standards for the assessment of thinking: Unreflective thinkers may have developed a variety of skills in thinking without being aware of them.

However, these skills are inconsistently applied because of the lack of self-monitoring of thought. Prejudices and misconceptions often undermine the quality of thought of the unreflective thinker. Some Implications for Instruction: We must recognize that in the present mode of instruction it is perfectly possible for students to graduate from high school, or even college, and still be largely unreflective thinkers.

Though all students think, most students are largely unaware of how their thinking is structured or how to assess or improve it.

Most teachers do not seem to be aware of how unaware most students are of their thinking. Little is being done at present to help students "discover" their thinking.The Basics of Critical Thinking book is designed to teach critical thinking to middle and upper elementary students.

Many workbooks claim to teach or develop critical thinking skills, but most of these products never define critical thinking or try to tea. Critical thinking consists of four steps: collecting information, evaluating information, drawing conclusions and evaluating those conclusions.

Collecting Information Collecting all of the information when making a decision is an important part of the critical thinking process.

Four steps in critical thinking

Start studying 5 Steps of Critical Thinking. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Critical thinking consists of four steps: collecting information, evaluating information, drawing conclusions and evaluating those conclusions.

Collecting Information Collecting all of the information when making a decision is an important part of the critical thinking process.

To make use of material that has been generated through the use of critical thinking steps as well; sources that use these 5-research steps to avoid bias. Analyze the Data- Step 3 (How). The four steps he described in his ‘Critical Thinking Process’ have been very helpful for me in my teaching and as an engaged citizen.

Once internalized watching news, reading articles, and even conversations are impossible without applying it.

6 Critical Thinking Steps - Reasoninglab