Functionalist perspective of the way society Functionalist perspective of the way society This assignment, will be outlining and evaluating the functionalist perspective of the way society is organised. This essay will be exploring about the social institutions, norms and values.
Sociology Structural functionalism, or simply functionalism, is a framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability.
Functionalism addresses society as a whole in terms of the function of its constituent elements; namely norms, customs, traditions, and institutions.
Social health means the same as social order, and is guaranteed when nearly everyone accepts the general moral values of their society. Hence structural functionalists believe the aim of key institutions, such as education, is to socialise children and teenagers.
Socialisation is the process by which the new generation learns the knowledge, attitudes and values that they will need as productive citizens. Students learn these values because their behaviour at school is regulated [Durkheim in ] until they gradually internalise and accept them.
Education must, however perform another function. As various jobs become vacant, they must be filled with the appropriate people. Therefore the other purpose of education is to sort and rank individuals for placement in the labour market [Munro, ].
Those with high achievement will be trained for the most important jobs and in reward, be given the highest incomes. Those who achieve the least, will be given the least demanding jobs, and hence the least income.
Jacob believes this is because the middle class cultural experiences that are provided at school may be contrary to the experiences working-class children receive at home . In other words, working class children are not adequately prepared to cope at school.
Sargent confirms this cycle, arguing that schooling supports continuity, which in turn supports social order. Yet the structural functionalist perspective maintains that this social order, this continuity, is what most people desire. The weakness of this perspective thus becomes evident. Why would the working class wish to stay working class?
Such an inconsistency demonstrates that another perspective may be useful. Conflict theories are perspectives in social science that emphasize the social, political, or material inequality of a social group, that critique the broad socio-political system, or that otherwise detract from structural functionalism and ideological conservativism.
Conflict theories draw attention to power differentials, such as class conflict, and generally contrast historically dominant ideologies.
It is therefore a macro level analysis of society. Karl Marx is the father of the social conflict theory, which is a component of the 4 paradigms of sociology. For example Salomon, the leading sociologist. Whilst many of these perspectives hold parallels, conflict theory does not refer to a unified school of thought, and should not be confused with, for instance, peace and conflict studies, or any other specific theory of social conflict.
Conflict theory emphasizes the role of coercion and power in producing social order. This perspective is derived from the works of Karl Marx, who saw society as fragmented into groups that compete for social and economic resources.
Social order is maintained by domination, with power in the hands of those with the greatest political, economic, and social resources.
When consensus exists, it is attributable to people being united around common interests, often in opposition to other groups. The masses are not bound to society by their shared values, but by coercion at the hands of those in power. This perspective emphasizes social control, not consensus and conformity.Essay Functionalism And The Social Theory.
the social theories ‘Functionalism’ and ‘Weberianism’. Functionalism is a macro social theory focusing on society in which individuals inhabit (Marshall, ) developed by a French 19th century sociologist Emile Durkheim (The School of Life (a), ). Functionalism sees society as a skeleton; a set of interconnected parts which together structure an entirety.
Structural Functionalism is considered to be the “framework for building theories”. According to “the Real World” The origins of structural functionalism can be traced back to the roots of sociology.
Structural-functionalism takes the view that society consists of parts (e.g. police, hospitals, schools, and farms), each of which have their own functions and work together to promote social stability.
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Take Home Exam 1. 1 - Society Structural Functionalist Perspective Research Essay introduction. The Structural/Functionalist Perspective looks at society as a system of interconnected parts.
It assumes that the bulk of society portions the same nucleus values and appropriate signifiers of behaviour. Basis of the structural functionalist perspective A society is a complex unit, made up of interrelated parts.
All these parts form the structure of the society and each sub unit has to perform its given task. The Structural Functionalist Perspective of Prison Functionalism addresses society in terms of the function of its elements which are the norms, customs, traditions and institutions for that society.
The Society we are looking at in this paper is the prison society and to me prison is a dysfunctional society.