With so many things apparent in both human and animal life like language, society, and tools, humans are left pondering what separates them from apes and chimps.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Get Access Nonverbal Communication Essay Sample Nonverbal communication is the process of communication through sending and receiving wordless messages.
It can be communicated through gestures and touch, by body language or posture, by facial expression and eye contact. Like humans, most if not all other primates engage in nonverbal communication to relay messages, emotions, warnings, and ideas to each other. Primates, by nature, are a very social species and tend to live together in communities.
By interacting with the same species so often, it is no wonder that primates have developed a more complex way of communicating than most other animals. For example, a study of rhesus monkeys showed that a community had distinct hierarchy among them and it was clear which monkeys outranked others.
The question that was posed was how could such a detailed living environment be created if these monkeys did not have a complex communication system? People have compared primates and their communication abilities to humans as more studies continue, which have tended to bring up controversial ideas, such as common ancestry.
The fact that primates and humans share some of the same nonverbal communications, such as holding hands and kissing, supports the idea that they share common ancestry.
Call Systems Non-human primates like these have between fifteen and forty different calls in their call system depending on the species. A call system is a type of limited vocal communication system.
Animals such as monkeys and apes use call systems. According to anthropologist Terrence Deaconhumans still posses six call systems, including: Laughing Sobbing Groaning Screaming with fright Sighing Crying with pain These six calls appear to have co-evolved alongside symbolic language, which may be why humans integrate calls and symbolic language into their speech.
While human beings still possess six calls, non-human primates have a system ranging from calls, depending on the species. Non-human primates use these call systems when they are in the presence of food or danger, when they desire company, or when the animal desires to mark its location or to signal pain, sexual interest, or the need for maternal care.
Closed call systems also have the absence of any link between sound and meaning in language, which is called arbitrariness. These six calls, paired with gestures and changes in rhythm, volume, and tonality something which linguists call speech prosody appear to have coevolved with the development of symbolic language.
This may be the reason they amalgamate so well.
This being said, Deacon pointed out that these call systems are controlled by different parts of the ape brain. Woshoe, Koko, and Lucy 2. The Origin of Language Nonverbal Communication Two sign language interpreters working as a team for a school. Basically it is sending and receiving messages in a variety of ways without the use of verbal codes words.Paralanguage and kinesics vary from culture to culture, but are much less variable than language.
Ape language studies Most people familiar with communication systems agree that humans have language, and that all the primates up through monkeys don't have language.
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Primates possess dermatoglyphics (the skin ridges responsible for fingerprints), but so do many other arboreal mammals. The eyes face forward in all primates so that the eyes’ visual fields overlap. Anthropology term papers (paper ) on Primate Evolution: Variation in the choices of food on a daily, seasonal, and yearly basis is one of the greatest differences between primate species.
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