Creative and Critical Thinking in Language Classrooms Muhammad Kamarul Kabilan University Technology MARA Kedah, Malaysia The communicative approach to language teaching emphasizes the use of language, meaning and language as a communication tool and hypothesizes that learners become proficient by using the language and not just by learning about the language.
Hot links Critical thinking is the process of actively analyzing, evaluating, and synthesizing information gathered from a variety of sources, using a framework designed to lend structure and clarity to the thinking process. As children think, they use their background knowledge, as well as information gathered from other sources, to draw their own conclusions.
One of the challenges when teaching critical thinking skills to English language learners ELLs is helping them develop adequate background knowledge and adequate vocabulary to support this type of higher order thinking.
How can educators teach critical thinking skills? The article Hooked on Thinking by Ann Paziotopoulos and Marianne Kroll, describes critical thinking using a skyscraper analogy. The foundation of the building, or the lowest level of critical thinking, would be represented by such tasks as recalling facts from a story.
At the second level, students might be expected to give a summary or an explanation of a story. At the third level, students would be expected to relate the story to their own lives.
At the fourth level, they would compare and contrast elements within the story. The fifth level would require hypothesizing or creating something new based on the reading. To reach the top of the skyscraper, or the sixth level, students must be able to synthesize the information from the story and then formulate their own opinions.
An important element of higher order thinking is learning to ask critical questions. ELLs in particular need assistance in learning how to ask these types of questions that will enhance their understanding i. What would have happened to her?
Teachers can begin this process by pre-teaching vocabulary and helping students build background knowledge prior to reading. Suggested Activities Lower Grade Activities In lower grades, the teacher should present this lesson as a whole group activity.
Ensure ELLs receive a list of any challenging vocabulary words they might encounter. Upper Grade Activities Teachers may choose to first model the first paragraph and then let students work in small groups as they find the main idea.
Have students work in groups to answer the questions they have created.Council found that English language speakers critical thinking skills. •Critical thinking development leads to higher academic achievement. skills • Manipulate • Transform meaning • Solve Problems • Construction • Uncertainty • Environment and opportunities.
heartoftexashop.com English Language Teaching Vol. 10, No. 7; 79 devoted time and efforts to reflect on its meaning. This chapter breaks the discussion of critical thinking into. "Most formal definitions characterize critical thinking as the intentional application of rational, higher order thinking skills, such as analysis, synthesis, problem recognition and problem solving, inference, and evaluation" (Angelo, , p.
6). As English language curriculums continue to use more content to teach English, critical thinking strategies give students a chance to analyze and process the information in valuable ways.
Let’s look at one specific way in which you can begin to bring critical thinking into your lessons. Conclusion Critical thinking skills and meaning can be realized in collaborative activities.
Therefore, English lessons need more STT than TTT. Involving critical thinking skills and meaning, should be reasonably inter- related and suitable to the students’ level and needs.
Teaching Critical Thinking Skills to Fourth Grade Students Identified as Gifted and Talented subject to such-and-such tendencies towards self-delusion.
For this reason, the development of critical thinking skills and dispositions is a life-long endeavor.
to comprehend and use language with accuracy, clarity, and discrimination, to.