If the Nama-Herero wars were among the most savage in colonial Africa, an equally bitter, costly colonial war was fought by Britain against the Afrikaner South African Republic. Many historians stress that in reality the contest was for control of the rich Witwatersrand gold-mining complex located in the SAR.
It was one of the deadliest conflicts in history and precipitated major political changes, including the Revolutions of —in many of the nations involved.
Unresolved rivalries at the end of the conflict contributed to the start of World War II about twenty years later. Serbia's reply failed to satisfy the Austrians, and the two moved to a war footing. A network of interlocking alliances enlarged the crisis from a bilateral issue in the Balkans to one involving most of Europe.
Bythe great powers of Europe were divided into two coalitions: The war was fought in and drew upon each powers' colonial empires as well, spreading the conflict across the globe.
The Entente and its allies would eventually become known as the Allied Powerswhile the grouping of Austria-Hungary and Germany would become known as the Central Powers. The German advance into France was halted at the Battle of the Marne and by the end ofthe Western Front settled into a battle of attritionmarked by a long series of trench lines that changed little until The Eastern Front was marked by much greater exchanges of territory, but though Serbia was defeated inand Romania joined the Allied Powers in only to be defeated innone of the great powers were knocked out of the war until After the sinking of seven US merchant ships by German submarines, and the revelation that the Germans were trying to incite Mexico to make war on the United States, the US declared war on Germany on 6 April The February Revolution in Russia replaced the Tsarist autocracy with the Provisional Governmentbut continuing discontent at the cost of the war led to the October Revolutionthe creation of the Soviet Socialist Republicand the signing of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk by the new government, ending Russia's involvement in the war.
This allowed the transfer of large numbers of German troops from the East to the Western Front, resulting in the German March Offensive. The offensive was initially successful, but the Allied Powers rallied and drove the Germans back in the Hundred Days Offensive.
With its allies defeated, revolution at home, and the military no longer willing to fight, Kaiser Wilhelm abdicated on 9 November and Germany also signed an armistice on 11 November World War I was a significant turning point in the political, cultural, economic, and social climate of the world.
Revolutions and uprisings in the aftermath of the war became widespread, being mainly socialist or anti-colonial in nature. The formation of the League of Nations was intended to prevent another world warbut for various reasons failed to do so.
The rise of the Nazi Party and their central role in World War II led to a focus on how the Treaty of Versailles affected Germany, but the peace treaties in addition to various secret agreements during the war also transformed borders throughout Europe, Asia and the Middle East, with repercussions that still echo to this day.Introduction to Directed-Energy Weapons Description.
This chapter provides a basic description of what directed-energy weapons (DEWs) are and how they work. Introduction: The war that did not end all wars Popular memory and historical understanding The British still seem to take the First World War personally.
As the preceding answer suggests, the phrase "war to end all wars" was first used by H.G. Wells. Wells, like many idealists of his time, hoped that the sheer destructiveness of the First World War. World War I, known as “The War to End All Wars,” had a very improbable beginning.
While visiting Sarajevo, Bosnia, on June 28, , Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand and his wife were both assassinated by Gavrilo Princip, a Serbian nationalist.
World War III is coming whether you like it or not. Find out what it means, when the next attack will be, and how to protect yourself and your loved ones. Learn about the Conspiratorial Nature of History and how three world wars have been planned for many decades.
Nonfiction master Russell Freedman illuminates for young readers the complex and rarely discussed subject of World War I. The tangled relationships and alliances of many nations, the introduction of modern weaponry, and top-level military decisions that resulted in thousands upon thousands of casualties all contributed to the "great war," which people hoped and believed would be the only.