Each is supposed to function independently of the others to provide checks and balances in the constitutional scheme of things. According to convention, the Chief Justice of India is the master of the Supreme Court roster and he or she decides on the allotment of cases to judges. This serves only to recognize the privilege of the head judge for an efficient functioning of the court, and is not a recognition of any superior power over the other judges of the court. Because, according to settled tenets of jurisprudence, the Chief Justice is only the first among equals in respect of the other judges of the Supreme Court.
Introduction Feminism brings many things to philosophy including not only a variety of particular moral and political claims, but ways of asking and answering questions, critiques of mainstream philosophical views and methods, and new topics of inquiry.
Feminist contributions to and interventions in mainstream philosophical debates are covered in entries under "Feminism, interventions".
Entries covered under the rubric "Feminism, topics" concern philosophical issues that arise as feminists articulate accounts of sexism, critique sexist social and cultural practices, and develop alternative visions of a just world.
In short, they are philosophical topics that arise within feminism. Although there are many different and sometimes conflicting approaches to feminist philosophy, see "Feminism, approaches to"it is instructive to begin by asking what, if anything, feminists as a group are committed to.
Considering some of the controversies over what feminism is provides a springboard for seeing how feminist commitments generate a host of philosophical topics, especially as those commitments confront the world as we know it. Historical Context The term 'feminism' has many different uses and its meanings are often contested.
For example, some writers use the term 'feminism' to refer to a historically specific political movement in the US and Europe ; other writers use it to refer to the belief that there are injustices against women, though there is no consensus on the exact list of these injustices.
My goal here will be to sketch some of the central uses of the term that are most relevant to those interested in contemporary feminist philosophy. For an overview of the history of feminist thought see: The references I provide below are only a small sample of the work available on the topics in question; more complete bibliographies are available at the specific topical entries and also at the end of this entry.
Some feminists trace the origins of the term "feminism" in English as rooted in the movement in Europe and the US beginning with the mobilization for suffrage during the late 19th and early 20th century and refer to this movement as "First Wave" feminism.
Those who employ this history often depict feminist as waning between the two world wars, to be "revived" in the late 's and early 's as what they label "Second Wave" feminism.
More recently, transformations of feminism in the past decade have been referred to as "Third Wave" feminism. However, other feminist scholars object to identifying feminism with these particular moments of political activism, on the grounds that doing so eclipses the fact that there has been resistance to male domination that should be considered "feminist" throughout history and across cultures: Moreover, even considering only relatively recent efforts to resist male domination in Europe and the US, the emphasis on "First" and "Second" Wave feminism ignores the ongoing resistance to male domination between the 's and 's and the resistance outside mainstream politics, particularly by women of color and working class women.
One might seek to solve these problems by emphasizing the political ideas that the term was apparently coined to capture, viz. This acknowledges that commitment to and advocacy for women's rights has not been confined to the Women's Liberation Movement in the West.
But this too raises controversy, for it frames feminism within a broadly Liberal approach to political and economic life. Although most feminists would probably agree that there is some sense of "rights" on which achieving equal rights for women is a necessary condition for feminism to succeed, most would also argue that this would not be sufficient.
This is because women's oppression under male domination rarely if ever consists solely in depriving women of political and legal "rights", but also extends into the structure of our society and the content of our culture, and permeates our consciousness e.
Given the controversies over the term "feminism" and the politics of circumscribing the boundaries of a social movement, it is sometimes tempting to think that there is little point in demanding a definition of the term beyond a set of disjuncts that capture different instances.
However, at the same time it can be both intellectually and politically valuable to have a schematic framework that enables us to map at least some of our points of agreement and disagreement. I'll begin here by considering some of the basic elements of feminism as a political position.Sexism is prejudice or discrimination based on a person's sex or gender.
Sociologists describe parallels among other ideological systems of oppression such as racism, since it contradicts most other studies on the issue.
Joan C. Williams, a distinguished professor at the University of California's Hastings College of Law, raised issues.
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behind closed doors. SAMSON AND THE GAZITE HARLOT: THE SIGNIFICANCE OF JUDGES John Roskoski, PhD St. Peter’s University, Middlesex County College INTRODUCTION Judges , which recounts Samson’s visit to a harlot that ended with him pulling up the gates of Gaza and walking off with them, is a unique account in the Among these peoples .
a. the issue of how judicial officers can be subject to disciplinary action b. the issue of whether the complexity of the judicial system can conflict with creating justice c.
the issue of the U.S. Supreme Court becoming involved in too many Texas judicial rulings. THE THEOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF JUDGES Submitted by John Roskoski, PhD St.
Peter’s University Middlesex County College INTRODUCTION The Samson narratives, Judges , serve a unique role in the canon of Judges. The Supreme Court Justices.
March 24, , at p.m. Credit (Paul J. Richards/AFP/Getty Images) Introduction. Pot Use Doubles Among Middle-Aged.