At first they are moderate in scope, then they become radical to excess and finally they are brought to abrupt conclusions by the emergence of a strong man to restore order. The revolution, which lasted from toalso had far-reaching effects on the rest of Europe. However, it ended supreme rule by French kings and strengthened the middle class. The revolution began with a government financial crisis but quickly became a movement of reform and violent change.
After reading this article you will learn about the causes of French revolution. Like Industrial Revolution and American Revolution, the French Revolution was also the originator of few but important political ideas or concepts.
But before embarking upon that aspect it is necessary to throw light on several causes of the French Revolution hereafter only F. In most of the states of Europe there were absolute monarchies and absolutism reached the final stage of toleration or patience.
The general nature of autocratic rulers was to declare war against other states and to meet the expenses of war their normal behaviour or method was to impose heavy dose of taxes upon the people including the aristocrats and the wealthiest sections of the community. The victims of the heavy taxes raised their arms against the king and particularly the nobles flatly refused to pay extra load of taxes.
This flat refusal embittered the relations between the king and nobles. The nobles further argued that the authority had no power to levy taxes without consulting the Estates General. The king summoned the representatives of these three estates to find out the solution of the problem regarding rising of taxes.
The king refused to accept this demand. This forced the people to revolt. People revolted against the monarchy and surrounded the palace and Bastille fortress.
All the attempts of the king to save himself met with a complete failure. The experts of the French Revolution are of opinion that there are certain deep- rooted reasons behind this and one of them is the division of French society into a number of opposing classes.
The old society of France was known as ancient regime which was divided mainly into monarchy and nobility. There were various types or classes of nobility and most of the them were influential. The nobles controlled the administration and the judiciary.
Besides the nobles in French society there were large number of merchants who earned big profits through trade and commerce. In respect of influence the bourgeoisie was inferior to nobles, but in respect of financial power the bourgeoisie was much above the nobility and this was a potent cause of conflict between nobility and bourgeoisie.
Again, there were several groups within the bourgeoisie and because of this there was clash in this class. This is not all. There were many people who were not satisfied with their present position and made attempts to raise their financial status and social position.
This can be treated as a reason of conflict. Finally, there was the biggest class in France and it was the peasantry. The peasantry was exploited in various ways.
But as the peasants were not organized they could not revolt against the autocratic rule in France. The French peasants were exploited in a number of ways. For example, they had to pay heavy taxes to the feudal lords.
They were forced to bear the effects of the fluctuations of markets. From s the French monarchy was involved in war and to meet the expenditure the king imposed taxes upon all and the peasants were the worst sufferers.
The French society was under great turmoil. In the eighteenth century the French society was divided into a number of classes and even in one class there were several groups. Bourgeoisie, nobility and peasantry all were divided and there were conflicts among them. In the earlier decades of the eighteenth century, for one reason or other, the conflicts were in latent condition, but towards the end of the eighteenth century the bitter relations between the classes or groups surfaced and in the eighties of the century the class conflicts were severe and that became the most powerful cause of the revolution.
This however, was the opinion of the majority people. But some thought that the complex and bitter relationship between the groups cannot be the primary reason of F. Maxey says that the professional and commercial classes were in privileged position in French society.
Through their profession and business they amassed huge wealth and they were not active actors of a revolution. The financial condition of the working class and peasants was not better at all.
But it cannot be said that they were exploited.In this portion of the essay, the old regime, the economic crisis France found itself in, and the effects of both on the bourgeoisie, and the failed attempts at reformation will be examined in reference to the cause of the French Revolution.
3. Economic Cause. The economic condition of France formed another cause for the outbreak of the French Revolution. The economic condition of France became poor due to the foreign wars of Louis XIV, the seven years War of Louis XV and other expensive wars.
The French Revolution was a period of time from to in France where there was political instability.
It officially began on the 14th of July, , when the Bastille, which was a symbol of the King’s harsh policies, was stormed. Essay on The Causes Of The French Revolution - The French Revolution can be seen as a beginning of new age.
It was a disastrous event that changed the history. One of the causes was the economic problems of many common people had become worse, because poor weather conditions had ruined the harvest.
As a result, the price of bread, the most important food of the poorer classes had increased. French Revolution Essay Words | 5 Pages any issue he put forth. French Revolution Essay.
French Revolution Between the years and , it was a period of change and revolt for the French people. A lot of changes occurred during these years because people showed their disagreement with .